Although today’s version of fax technology was invented at about the same time as email, the fax machine is a piece of technology that has moved towards being obsolete much quicker. In many cases, people have forgotten or no longer use a fax machine regularly, and therefore need a reminder.

Table of ContentsHow to Use a Fax Machine

What You’ll Need

In order to operate a fax machine, you’ll need the following:

  • A fax number that you want to send a document to
  • If you’re dialing internationally, the international dialing code of the country you’re trying to reach
  • A document to fax with
  • A cover sheet (optional but recommended)
  • Blank Paper (either a thermal roll of paper or paper for laser printers, depending on your model of machine)
  • A Phone Line
  • A Fax Machine

Setting Up and Configuration

In order to use your machine, you’ll need to make sure it’s properly set up and configured.

Step 1 – Plug the Unit In – Power and Phone Connection

The first thing to do is to plug the machine into the electrical socket in the wall as well as the phone line.

It’s important to take care at this step, as many people take it for granted. A common mistake is to put the phone line connection into the external line, where the dial tone would not get to the fax machine. If there are two ports for a phone line, then one usually will be for connecting to the wall socket, while the other will be for adding an external phone.

Check with the phone connection to make sure you have a dial tone – if you get a humming noise just like with a regular land-line phone, then you have made a successful connection.

It is important to note that fax machines need a phone line to send their signal – you cannot use an Ethernet or broadband internet connection to send or receive faxes. As fax technology works over a phone line, and requires a phone number to dial out, there is no way to dial out through an internet connection.

Some people will try to connect their machine through a VoIP provider (a phone provider that streams the phone connection over the internet). In our experience, as well as experience we have received from readers, we have found that this is usually a major cause of problems. See the “Common Problems” section of this page for more information.

Step 2 – Load the Machine with Toner (or Ink) and Paper

For a fax machine to receive a fax, it requires two things: Toner (or Ink) and Paper.

To load paper in the machine, there are usually two different possibilities – that your machine is a laser or plain paper type printer, or that it is a thermal paper machine.

Plain Paper / Laser Printer Fax Machines

To load paper into a plain paper or laser fax machine, there is usually a slot where paper can be loaded into the unit, usually towards the back of the machine. On corporate or business level units, there may be a paper tray that can have paper loaded into it.

Place the paper into the slot or paper tray where it is held.

If you get the problem of paper sticking together regularly, sometimes it helps to fan the paper beforehand to loosen some of the static electricity it may have acquired.

Consult your user manual for more information.

Thermal / Paper Roll Fax Machines

Thermal and Paper Roll Fax Machines usually have their paper loaded inside of the machine. On most machines, there will be a lever or button that will open the inside of the machine, and the roll of paper is inserted inside of it.

Open the unit, and insert the paper roll following the directions (usually these are printed inside of the machine for help). In most models you will need to insert the paper between two pieces of metal and then pull it through to ensure it’s properly set up.

Consult your machine’s user manual for more information. Thermal and Paper Roll fax machines are older models and today are not sold as frequently as plain paper fax machines, however are still marketed for certain applications.

Step 3 – Configure Settings (optional but recommended)

Each machine has different options and features that may need to be set up.

In most cases, there are three most important setting that need to be configured for any fax machine: Whether to receive manually (by pressing a button to receive a fax when the line rings) or automatically, whether or not to have a confirmation page print off, and setting the TSID / CSID header information.

You’ll need to consult your user’s manual, however we have detailed what each of these features and options is for.

Automatic or Manual Receive Mode

The majority of fax machines have either manual or automatic receive mode. Most have their default set to “automatic.”

In manual mode, to receive a message, you’ll need to be at the machine when the phone rings and press a button to “answer” the call. If a fax rings through, and you do not answer the fax, then it will go through either to an answering machine or just not pick up. This is an option that people who have a phone line that is shared for both fax and voice use usually select.

In automatic mode, when you receive a fax, the machine will pick up after a certain number of rings to the line. While this is the option that most fax machine owners select, for some people who use a shared line they find that a problem is created in that either the fax machine or answering machine picks up first, and that the other is not functional.

Setting a Confirmation Page

A confirmation page is a page that prints off when a transmission has been received by the receiving machine.

Depending on what the primary use of your fax machine is for, you may wish to turn this feature on or off.

The main reason people use confirmation pages is that they have a piece of paper that proves that the document has been received by the other fax machine. This is especially important for transmissions such as documents that have a legal importance. In many cases, proof of a confirmation page is enough to confirm that another person or organization has received the message you sent, which in some legal situations can be the difference between winning and losing a case.

Other people, who do not need the confirmation page feature, simply turn it off in order to save on paper.

Setting a Fax Header

The final option to set on a fax machine (TSID & CSID information) is the header information.

This is a line of text that appears on the top of a fax machine – it will usually include a line of who the fax is from, as well as the fax number it has been sent from.

It is important to note that a fax machine cannot automatically determine this information from simply plugging the fax line into it. It needs to be manually entered.

In many cases, a fax machine will be moved or sold, and the new operator will plug it in and start using it with the older header information. Always update the header information on a fax machine whenever it is moved or relocated (and delete it when selling one that you own).

Step 4 – Set up Dual Ring Receive (optional, only for phone lines with dual ring)

Dual ring is a technology that was created to allow more that one phone number to a phone line. With dual ring, you can have two different numbers on the same phone line – when the line is busy both numbers are busy, however it is a way of having a separate fax number and phone number but not have to pay the additional cost for the extra line.

When you have dual ring on a phone line, your primary phone number will ring regularly, while your second phone number will have a double ring (or a different ring sound) to it.

Dual Ring is considered one of the most troublesome technologies involving phones and faxes. It is important to note one thing with dual ring: In some instances it simply will not work. Either your phone provider will not send a “second ring” signal that the fax can understand, there will be some type of interference on the line, or your fax machine will simply not want to connect to dual ring.

Most fax models will allow you to “record” what your second phone number ring sounds like. Have the second phone number connected by the phone company, and call the fax machine to set up the feature. Most owners manuals will have the instructions to set this feature.

It is important that when you set dual ring mode up for a fax machine, that you set the machine to auto receive faxes at a lower number of rings than your answering machine picks up. This is to ensure that your answering machine does not answer before your fax machine. As well, there are some telephones that play a ringtone instead of a ring when they ring – many times, you will not be able to discern whether or not the ring is single or dual with a landline phone with a ringtone.

Sending a Fax

Sending a fax with a fax machine is a relatively easy task, as long as it has been configured properly.

In most fax machines, you’ll need to do the following:

  1. Ensure that the fax is operational and turned on.
  2. Take the document you want to fax, and put into the document feeder. There is usually a small icon that displays which way the front face of the paper should be facing. You should not place the document in the same tray that already has the blank paper loaded into it.
  3. Dial the number you want to fax to.
  4. Press the “Send” button (usually a green button).
  5. Wait for the fax to transmit.
  6. Take the confirmation page or any other information that prints out.
  7. Take your document with you when you are done.

As the process can differ based on what type of fax machine you have, always consult your owner’s manual if you are unsure of the task.

Receiving a Fax

Receiving a fax with a fax machine can be an easy task as long as the machine is properly set up. As well, ensure that your fax machine has enough paper and toner to print the fax off.

To receive a fax, you need to make sure that your fax machine is operational and turned on. You will also need someone to send you a fax from their fax machine or online fax service.

If your machine is configured to receive faxes automatically, then when the phone line rings, the fax machine will answer and receive the fax. From here, it will print off the fax.

If your machine is configured to receive faxes manually, then when the phone line rings you will need to hit the “answer” button (or “go” depending on your model) to receive the fax. Once you have answered the line, the fax will print off. Do not answer the ring on another phone.

Common Problems

When using a fax machine, there are a number of common problems that can arise.

In most cases, they are simple to fix, in others, they are a problem that makes perfectly common sense, and should be easily to fix, however for one reason or another simply do not work.

Line Appearing Down the Page

In many fax machines, at times a line will appear down the middle of the page, either for faxes received or faxes sent.

If you have the occasional line down the page on faxes received, and that line is frequently in different places, then it is likely that some of the people who are sending you a fax have a small piece of dirt or dust on their machine.

If the same line appears on faxes that you are sending, however, then look in your instruction manual about how to clean your fax machine. In many cases, it’s a simple task of wiping the imaging area with a soft and gentle cloth, however this can always vary depending on the make and model of your unit. Always look in your owner’s manual before attempting to clean your fax machine, and if you have a service plan with a provider, call them to have their technician clean the machine for you.

Plugging the Phone Line into the Auxiliary Phone Jack

A common problem for people experiencing no dial tone is to have the fax line plugged into the wrong phone jack on the fax machine.

There are usually two lines on a fax machine – one for the external line in, the other for adding an extra phone or line through the fax machine.

Check to make sure that the line is plugged into the proper port.

Using a Fax Machine with a VoIP Provider

A common challenge that fax machine users have is the ability to use a fax machine with a Voice over IP Provider (VoIP). Usually this is a person who has opted to switch to a service like Vonage, Skype, Magic Jack, or a similar provider for their phone line, and has now tried to use their fax on this same line.

Our quick answer for how to resolve this problem is that it is best to contact the VoIP provider to attempt to resolve the issue. In many cases, it is simply not possible to get your fax machine to work with your VoIP phone line, and our best suggestion is to get a separate online fax number – we have detailed the technology on our page about online faxing.

This is a common problem that frequently comes up integrating “old technology” and “new technology” – the “new technology” has become bigger, better, faster, and stronger, however to achieve that a few things must be sacrificed.

If you’ve ever talked (or talked to someone) on a VoIP line, there’s something different about how it sounds – there’s almost a scratchiness, or a robotic sound, or distance to the caller. This is because with most VoIP technology, your voice is being digitized (turned into 1s and 0s) to travel over the internet. Because the amount of bandwidth is limited for the signal (and providers are always looking to save bandwidth), providers sacrifice quality to get the signal through.

Since fax machines also transmit a digital signal, this means that unless there is almost perfect quality in the VoIP transmission, the digital signal from the fax machine can become corrupted by the digital signal from the VoIP provider.

In some cases, this problem is easy to resolve. However, we usually recommend looking at the features that can come from an online fax service that is separate from the VoIP phone line. In some cases, these services can be bundled together.

Enabling both Auto Answer and Voicemail (or an Answering Machine) on the Same Line

There are many people who would like to have their fax machine both answer automatically and also have an answering machine on the same line.

For the majority of fax machines, this is simply not possible. Both the fax and the voice mail do not know whether the call is a voice or fax call coming through until it is answered, and by then there is no technology around that is able to hand the signal off from one to another.

For the majority of users who want to accomplish this, we recommend moving to either a dual ring or an online fax service, as this can resolve most of these problems.

Dual Ring Mode

Dual ring mode is technology that allows you to have two different phone numbers on the same phone line. For some situations it works very well, for others there is simply some conflict between the phone provider and the fax machine that cannot be resolved.

For more information on Dual Ring Mode and ensuring it is set up, see the section on Dual Ring Mode on this article.

Additional Resources on How to Use a Fax Machine:

Additional How To Fax Articles:

More How To Fax Resources: