Edouard Belin Biography – Fax and Belinographe Inventor

Belin (b. 5 March 1876, d. 4 March 1963) is credited with being the inventor of a phototelegraphic apparatus that he named the Bélinographe.

The Bélinographe was a system that was capable of sending photographs to remote locations through telegraph and telephone networks. In 1921 the process was improved so that it could be sent via radio waves as well.

Edouard Belin Fax Inventor


With the Bélinographe, the device uses an electric eye to measure the light intensity.

The intensity levels transmit to a receiver, where a source of light can reproduce the intensities that were measured by the transmitter, impressing on photographic paper.

Modern photocopiers use a very similar principle, with light captured by a CCC and the impression based on laser technology.

More on the History of Fax:

  • The History of Fax – From Alexander Bain’s 1843 invention to today’s internet based fax systems (and everything in between)
  • Alexander Bain – Developed an Experimental Fax Machine between 1843 and 1846
  • Arthur Korn – Developed Fax Machine for Transmitting Photographs
  • Edouard Belin – Inventor of the Bélinographe
  • Frederick Bakewell – Improved Bain’s Facsimile Machine
  • Giovanni Caselli – Inventor of the Pantelegraph. Sent images 800km across telegraph wires 9 years before Alexander Graham Bell’s Telephone Patent
  • Herbert E. Ives – Sent first color fax
  • Richard H. Ranger – Invented first Transatlantic Radio Fax
  • Rudolf Hell – Invented the Hellschreiber
  • Shelford Bidwell – Research in the field of “Telephotography”
  • Pantelegraph – An early fax invention used to transmit images over telegraph lines
  • Fultograph – An early fax invention used to transmit images over radio waves”
  • Telautograph – An early fax invention used to transmit signatures over long distances
  • 3D Fax – A 1990s technique used to send computer code over a fax machine. Each page could hold about 50kb of information
  • Radiofax – Still used today, a method for transmitting images over long distances through radio. Also known as HF Fax or Weatherfax