Herbert E. Ives Biography – Color Fax Inventor
Last Update: August 9th, 2021
Outside of the world of facsimile, he was one of the leading critics of the special theory of relativity and is known for introducing the Ives-Stilwell experiment, which is today known for being the direct confirmation of special relativity‘s time dilation factor (although he interpreted the results as a rejection of special relativity).
Table of Contents
- Color Facsimile
- Other Inventions and Initiatives
- Special Relativity and the Ives-Stilwell Experiment
- Further Resources
- More Resources on the History of Fax
By 1930 a two-way television system he had developed was in regular use, with Bell Labs‘ New York Research Facility spending years of development and research on it. The intention was to develop videotelephony and television for telecommunications and broadcast purposes.
While the result of the experiment helped prove the effect of special relativity, Ives‘ interpretation of the results was in his mind a direct refutation of the idea of special relativity.
New York Times Archive – First Practical Demonstration of Television
BairdTelevision.com biography of Herbert E. Ives
Brittanica Entry for Videophone
Frederic Ives Medal / Quinn Prize (endowed by Herbert E. Ives)
Dean Turner and Richard Hazelett – The Einstein Myth and the Ives Papers
Smithsonian – Papers of Frederic Eugene Ives and Herbert Eugene Ives
Optical Society Entry on Herbert Ives
- The History of Fax - From Alexander Bain's 1843 invention to today's internet based fax systems (and everything in between)
- Alexander Bain - Developed an Experimental Fax Machine between 1843 and 1846
- Arthur Korn - Developed Fax Machine for Transmitting Photographs
- Edouard Belin - Inventor of the Bélinographe
- Frederick Bakewell - Improved Bain's Facsimile Machine
- Giovanni Caselli - Inventor of the Pantelegraph. Sent images 800km across telegraph wires 9 years before Alexander Graham Bell's Telephone Patent
- Herbert E. Ives - Sent first color fax
- Richard H. Ranger - Invented first Transatlantic Radio Fax
- Rudolf Hell - Invented the Hellschreiber
- Shelford Bidwell - Research in the field of "Telephotography"
- Pantelegraph - An early fax invention used to transmit images over telegraph lines
- Fultograph - An early fax invention used to transmit images over radio waves"
- Telautograph - An early fax invention used to transmit signatures over long distances
- 3D Fax - A 1990s technique used to send computer code over a fax machine. Each page could hold about 50kb of information
- Radiofax - Still used today, a method for transmitting images over long distances through radio. Also known as HF Fax or Weatherfax